Artificial Intelligence

Technology Map Detailed Contents February 2015

Importance of the Technology

The Technology in Brief

  • Classical AI and GOFAI
    • Theorem Proving and Declarative Programming
    • Language Processing, Semantics, and Formal Reasoning
    • The Reaction against GOFAI
  • Computational Intelligence, Situated Intelligence, and Connectionism
  • Artificial Neural Networks
  • Neuromorphic Computing
  • Agent Software
  • Secure Computation
  • Machine Learning
    • Classification and Regression
    • Supervised and Unsupervised Learning
    • The Cost of Labeling
    • Reinforcement Learning
  • Knowledge-Based and Expert Systems
  • Knowledge Representation
    • Ad Hoc and Formal Representation
    • Metadata and Semantic Networks
    • Standards and Ontologies
  • Speech and Natural-Language Processing
  • Semantic Web
    • Feature Extraction and Automated Tagging
    • Microformats and Other Structured Metadata
    • Crowdsourced Metadata and Folksonomies
    • Types of Queries and Required Technologies
  • Bayesian Belief Networks and Statistical Reasoning
  • Artificial Life
  • Cellular Automata and Continuous Automata
  • Optimization and Heuristics
    • Optimization and Classical AI
    • Optimization and Computational Intelligence
  • Swarm Intelligence
  • Artificial Evolution and Genetic Algorithms

Commercial Development Parameters

  • Demand Factors
    • Military Missions
    • The Grand Challenges
    • Information Management
    • The Complexities of Life and Business
    • The End of Privacy
  • General Constraints
    • Challenges in Representing Knowledge
    • Trust and Believability
    • The Uncanny Valley
    • Need for Intuition
  • Synergistic Technologies
    • Computing Power
    • Sensors and Actuators
    • Robotics and Mechatronics
    • Neuroelectronics and Neuroimaging
  • Competing Technologies
    • Human Intelligence
    • Conventional Software Procedures
  • Required Resources
    • Computers and Networks
    • Talented People
    • R&D Funding
    • Crowdsourcing
  • Regulatory Factors
    • Autonomous Vehicles
    • Robot Safety and Liability
    • Restrictions on Cryptography

Areas to Monitor

  • Redundant Human Labor
  • Grand Challenges
  • Trust and Human Acceptance
  • Humanlike Architectures
  • The Uncanny Valley
  • Pattern Recognition
  • Society of Mind
  • Artificial Intelligence as a Service
  • Big Data
  • Machine-Readable Content
  • Competing Approaches to AI
  • Smart Cities
    • Potential Roles for AI in E-Government
    • Potential Roles for AI in Urban Infrastructure
    • A Reality Check
  • Strong AI
  • Self-Awareness
  • Hardware Breakthrough
  • The End of Theory?

Implications of Commercialization

  • Gradual Emergence (A)
  • Human-Machine Collaboration (B)
  • Breakthrough (C)
  • Intrusive Systems (D)
  • Long Childhood (A+B)
  • Redemption (B+C)
  • Machine Overlords (C+D)

Opportunities

  • Applications
    • Transportation
    • Robotics
    • Transaction Agents
    • Health and Medicine
    • Physical and Network Security
    • Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery
    • Personal-Assistant Software
    • Meeting, Document, and Video Summaries
    • Game Play and Virtual Environments
    • Intelligent Agriculture
    • Automated Content Production
    • Logistics, Manufacturing, and Process Scheduling
  • Business Models
    • Benchmarking the AI Business Environment
    • Artificial Intelligence as a Service
    • Machine Vision for Physical Security
    • Enterprise Search

Updates

Viewpoints Features

Abbreviations