Fuel Cells

Technology Map Detailed Contents February 2020

Importance of the Technology

The Technology in Brief

  • Types of Cells
  • Proton-Exchange Membrane
    • Applications for Proton-Exchange-Membrane Fuel Cells
    • Fuel for Proton-Exchange-Membrane Fuel Cells
    • Direct-Methanol Fuel Cells
  • Phosphoric Acid
    • Applications for Phosphoric-Acid Fuel Cells
    • Fuel for Phosphoric-Acid Fuel Cells
  • Molten Carbonate
    • Applications for Molten-Carbonate Fuel Cells
    • Fuel for Molten-Carbonate Fuel Cells
  • Solid Oxide
    • Applications for Solid-Oxide Fuel Cells
    • Fuel for Solid-Oxide Fuel Cells
  • Alkaline
    • Applications for Alkaline Fuel Cells
    • Fuel for Alkaline Fuel Cells
  • Other Fuel-Cell Technologies
    • Metal-Air Fuel Cells or Batteries
    • Biofuel Cells or Microbial Fuel Cells
    • Direct-Carbon Fuel Cells
    • Ammonia and Hydrazine Hydrate Fuel Cells
  • Hydrogen Production
    • Hydrogen from Microreactors
    • Nuclear Hydrogen
  • Hydrogen-Storage Materials
    • Metal Hydrides
    • Metal Nitrides
    • Metal-Organic Frameworks
    • Carbon Allotropes

Commercial Development Parameters

  • Demand Factors
    • Stationary Power
    • Propulsion and Transportation
    • Portable Power
  • General Constraints
    • Stationary Power
    • Propulsion and Transportation
    • Portable Power
  • Synergistic Technologies
    • Stationary Power
    • Propulsion and Transportation
    • Portable Power
  • Competing Technologies
    • Stationary Power
    • Propulsion and Transportation
    • Portable Power
  • Required Resources
    • Stationary Power
    • Propulsion and Transportation
    • Portable Power
  • Regulatory Factors
    • Stationary Power
    • Propulsion and Transportation
    • Portable Power

Areas to Monitor

  • Competing Technologies
  • Consumer Acceptance
  • Cost Reduction and Technological Advancement
  • Regulatory Change
  • New Applications
  • Hydrogen as an Energy Carrier
  • Asia-Pacific Markets
  • Fuel Infrastructure and Storage
  • Advanced Manufacturing

Implications of Commercialization

  • Possible Futures
  • Consequences of Change

Opportunities

  • Stationary Power
    • Industry Structure
    • Large-Scale Grid- and Distributed-Power Generation
    • Hybrid Fuel-Cell Systems
    • Industrial-Processing Applications
    • Backup Power
    • Residential and Small-Scale Commercial Power
  • Propulsion and Transportation
    • Light-Duty-Vehicle Propulsion
    • Bus Propulsion
    • Niche Propulsion
    • Auxiliary-Power Units
  • Portable Fuel Cells
    • Industry Structure
    • Military Applications
    • Portable-Power Generators
    • Consumer-Electronics Devices
    • Other Portable Products

Updates

Viewpoints Features

Abbreviations