Fuel Cells

Technology Map Detailed Contents October 2014

Importance of the Technology

The Technology in Brief

  • Types of Cells
  • Proton-Exchange Membrane
    • Applications for Proton-Exchange-Membrane Fuel Cells
    • Fuel for Proton-Exchange-Membrane Fuel Cells
    • Direct-Methanol Fuel Cells
  • Phosphoric Acid
    • Applications for Phosphoric-Acid Fuel Cells
    • Fuel for Phosphoric-Acid Fuel Cells
  • Molten Carbonate
    • Applications for Molten-Carbonate Fuel Cells
    • Fuel for Molten-Carbonate Fuel Cells
  • Solid Oxide
    • Applications for Solid-Oxide Fuel Cells
    • Fuel for Solid-Oxide Fuel Cells
  • Alkaline
    • Appdlications for Alkaline Fuel Cells
    • Fuel for Alkaline Fuel Cells
  • Other Fuel-Cell Technologies
    • Metal-Air Fuel Cells or Batteries
    • Biofuel Cells or Microbial Fuel Cells
    • Direct-Carbon Fuel Cells
    • Ammonia and Hydrazine Hydrate Fuel Cells
  • Hydrogen Production
    • Hydrogen from Microreactors
    • Nuclear Hydrogen
  • Hydrogen-Storage Materials
    • Metal Hydrides
    • Metal Nitrides
    • Metal-Organic Frameworks
    • Carbon Allotropes

Commercial Development Parameters

  • Stationary Power
    • Demand Factors
    • General Constraints
    • Synergistic Technologies
    • Competing Technologies
    • Required Resources
    • Regulatory Factors
  • Propulsion and Transportation
    • Demand Factors
    • General Constraints
    • Synergistic Technologies
    • Competing Technologies
    • Required Resources
    • Regulatory Factors
  • Portable Power
    • Demand Factors
    • General Constraints
    • Synergistic Technologies
    • Competing Technologies
    • Required Resources
    • Regulatory Factors

Areas to Monitor

  • Stationary Power
    • Customer Expectations
    • Cost and Availability of Commercial Systems and Cost of Competing Systems
    • Hydrogen as an Energy Carrier
    • Deregulation and Restructuring
  • Propulsion and Transportation
    • Cost Reduction
    • Fuel Infrastructure and Storage
    • Consumer Acceptance
    • Cost and Performance of Competing Technologies
    • Air-Quality Regulations
  • Portable Power
    • Power Requirements for Portable Devices
    • Cost-Effective, Reliable Systems
    • Consumer Acceptance
    • Demand for Portable Devices
    • Regulations for Storing and Transporting Fuel
    • Access to Consumer Markets
    • Cost and Availability of Advanced Batteries

Implications of Commercialization

Opportunities

  • Stationary Power
    • Large Stationary Applications
    • Small Stationary Applications
    • Power from Industrial By-Products
  • Propulsion and Transportation
    • Light-Duty-Vehicle Propulsion
    • Bus Propulsion
    • Niche Propulsion
    • Auxiliary-Power Units
  • Portable Fuel Cells
    • Industry Structure
    • Commercial Opportunities

Updates

Viewpoints Features

Abbreviations